The Most High Creator YAH Completes Another Puzzle

This is a comparison picture of my great-great grandmother Sarah Carter-Richardson born about 1840 in South Carolina and Pharaoh Mentuhotep II who reigned for 51 years on the throne and he reunited Egypt and Nubia. As I was working on my family genealogy one day I began to notice some slight facial similarities between them of their eyes, eyebrows, cheeks, lips, chin, neck, etc. According to DNA genetics these are examples of a person’s phenotype.

  • The observable physical or biochemical characteristics of an organism, as determined by both genetic makeup and  environmental influences.
  • The expression of a specific trait, such as stature based on genetic and environmental influences.
  • Some members of my family; have done DNA analysis tests one of which is my paternal Y-DNA. My paternal (my father Moses Sampson) hapolgroup is E1b1a and my paternal great-grandfather (my grandmother Betty Jones father) haplogroup is E1b1a8a1. In December 2012, a genetic study conducted by the same researchers who decoded King Tutankhamun’s DNA found that Ramesses III, second pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty of Egypt and considered to be the last great New Kingdom regent to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E-V38, alternatively known as haplogroup E1b1a.[39 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramesses_IIIUsimare
  • Subsequent analysis of the autosomal profile of the mummy of Pharaoh Rameses III also concluded that this matched the genetic profiles of the population of the Great Lakes region as well. The strong cultural connection between the ancient Egyptians and the modern people of the Great Lakes region of Africa have long been noted for more than a century now by ethnographers (people who study ethnicity). Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs related to Ugandans – DNA – Daily Monitor
    http://www.monitor.co.ug › Home › Other Features › Reviews & Profiles

    The living Descendants of the Ancient Egyptians – History Forum … www.allempires.com › … › Regional History or Period History › African History

    Jan 17, 2015 – The ancient Egyptian civilization is much older than the 5,000 year … They came in canoes on the River Nile as far as Juja, Uganda and later moved eastward into lake Victoria. ….. Named for the pharaoh who attempted to convert Egypt to … A previous issue of DNA Tribes Digest identified African related …
    Y-DNA Haplogroups are the groupings of mankind based on analysis of the Y-chromosome, which has been passed from father to son since the beginning of mankind.
  • Haplogroups can be determined from the remains of historical figures, or derived from genealogical DNA tests of people who trace their direct maternal or paternal ancestry to a noted historical figure.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_haplogroups_of_historic_people

I find it quite interesting that I found this picture of Pharaoh Mentuhotep II and later after comparing the picture of my great-great grandmother Sarah Carter-Richardson with his; they shared a few facial similarities. Then when I found that there was a possible DNA genetic lineage of the Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1a & E1b1a8a1 through my grandfather Moses Sampson and my great grandfather Alonzo “Lonnie” Jones; it has been determined that the Y-Haplogroup leads to the patrilineal most recent common ancestor.  All of this new information has lead to my being overwhelmed with joy and excitement. Especially since, I started out knowing only hand full of my ancestral family members. Yes, I can see that once again, the Most High Creator YAH has put more pieces of the puzzle together of whom our ancestors were and where they originally came from.

CREATING SELF-SUPPORTING BLACK COMMUNITIES

This is a picture of the original Arnett Chapel A. M. E. Church in Quincy, Florida that I obtained from the Florida Memory State Library & Archive of Florida which my great-great-great grandfather Allen Jones bn. 1809, MD along with his friend Dennis Wood bn. 1830, NC erected in 1865 immediately after slavery during the Reconstruction Era. Detailed information considering the works my great-great-great grandfather Allen Jones and other AME ministers in the state of Florida are written in the book titled, LABORERS IN THE VINEYARD OF THE LORD.pdf. 

Allen Jones and Dennis Wood were joined by other like-minded emancipated ex-enslaved freed people; whose focus was on the establishment of churches which were to be used as central points of contact for uniting their people. Their goal was intended to form new black self-supporting communities with the church as a vessel. Two of my great-great-great grandfather Allen Jones sons, Washington Jones born 1852 in Florida (my great-great grandfather) and Uncle Moses Jones born 1858 in Florida also joined their father as ministers of the A. M. E. Church.

The works of these men and women started while they were still enslaved. If we look closely; it becomes evident that the Most High Creator YAH began to prepare them to accomplish His purposes early on. In spite of their being denied the right of learning to read, write and arithmetic.; many of them were skilled in various trades such as carpenters, masons, landscaping, shoe makers, farmers, cooks, semesters, nurses, midwifes, etc. for they had been involved in all aspects of the physical building, maintenance  and managing plantations. Therefore, these ex-enslaved people were well equipped in organizing self-efficient communities for living a life free of bondage.

His son, Washington Jones, my great-great grandfather was first ordained as a Deacon in 1873,  then serving in a pastoral assignment of the Island District, Orange Creek, Florida in 1876 and at the 1878 East Florida AME Conference at Palatka was one of seven presiding elders. Great-great grandpa Washington Jones became a vital part in the growth of the AME Church in Florida; as mentioned in the book, LABORERS IN THE VINEYARD OF THE LORD.pdf   an excerpt states the following: “Of even greater importance than the new churches, many old congregations grew and prospered. As early as the spring of 1881 signs of rejuvenation had begun to sprout; at Micanopy, Henry Hamilton almost tripled his membership in a few months. Soon, Bulley Wiley reported overflowing

Sunday schools in the Osceola District. At Callahan members purchased land to erect their first church. “And at Tampa, Washington Jones boasted of the largest congregation and membership of any colored   church in South Florida.”

Furthermore according to the book titled FLORIDA’S BLACK PUBLIC OFFICIALS, 1867-1924, these AME Ministers became organized and took an active role in the involvement of the political concerns and the advancement for the legal rights of their freed people. An important note of interest is how they were able to use their leadership which they gained within the Black communities through establishing churches throughout Florida. And, it mentioned that their churches developed a militancy which would provide the principle around which Florida’s most successful black leadership organized. And the church’s militancy would help to mold the lives and attitudes of thousands of Floridians, such as AME Minister James William Randolph and his better-known son, A. Philip Randolph. In this book it also stated, that my great-great-great grandfather Allen Jones held a political office of Gadsden County commissioner from 1870-1874 as well as his son, Richard Jones who was Fernandina Tax Assessor, 1883-1884.

Here are some more excerpts from the book “Laborers in the Vineyard of The Lord” which tells about the various people involved in the formation of the AME Church in Florida.

  • Gadsden County served as home to a number of Civil War–era local preachers. The foremost among them, Allen Jones Sr., hailed from Queen Anne’s County, Maryland, where he was born about 1813. “Sold South long before the war,” according to Bishop Alexander W. Wayman, Jones lived in or near Quincy. Lauded for his style of preaching, he would draw praise as a minister throughout his long career. “He preaches ‘Christ and him crucified,’ as though he was upon Mount Calvary, when the spear pierced His side and the metallic spikes his hands,” observed one colleague. In 1865, Jones joined with Dennis Wood to erect a brush arbor church near Quincy’s Tan Yard Branch. It later would carry the name Arnett Chapel. After his death at Quincy on February 28, 1888, an admirer would describe him as “probably the greatest minister Florida ever had.”34
  • The Reverend William Stewart, Florida’s first ordained AME minister. ..received into the AME fold the existing Bethlehem and Mt. Olive Churches, together with a new church called Springfield…The reverend thereafter worked his way eastward on the railroad toward Jacksonville, establishing churches where he found existing groups of black Methodists desirous of admission into the AME family. At Quincy, he joined Allen Jones Sr. and Dennis Wood in laying the organizational foundation for Arnett Chapel. Local pastor Robert Meacham had managed to raise sufficient funds to build a fine new sanctuary.
  • Some of the ministers with which my great-great-great grandfather Allen Jones were Charles H. Pearce, who as presiding elder had dominated AME affairs in the late 1860s and 1870s, had passed away in 1887. His principal lieutenants—John R. Scott Sr., William Bradwell, and George W. Witherspoon—were gone. Of the seven bishops who had overseen the state from 1865 to 1895, only three survived, including Grant. Jabez Pitt Campbell had succumbed in 1891, with John Mifflin Brown, Daniel A. Payne, and Thomas M. D. Ward following within a few years. Alexander W. Wayman would die later in 1895. Thus, Miami’s Greater Bethel Church traces its origins to 1896, and AME lay leaders such as Alexander C. Lightbourn Sr. can be counted among the city’s founding fathers.
  • Cornerstone-laying ceremonies at the Duval Street site had occurred on February 20 and had drawn a large crowd, including the region’s most popular black preacher, the Baptist James Page.
  • From Tallahassee, Pearce and Stewart toured the nearby congregations already accepted by the deacon. In Gadsden County, Pearce met Allen Jones, Dennis Wood, and their followers. The elder described the occasion as he saw it. “On the 9th of March I arrived in Quincy; had an interview with the former members of the M. E. Church South and they readily agreed to join the AME Church,” he wrote, “and on the 15th I received 453 members and appointed the proper officers.”

Photo from: Florida Memory State Library & Archives of Florida

 

 

PHENOTYPE: SIMILARITIES BETWEEN A PHARAOH & HIS DESCENDANT

My DNA paternal haplogroup is E1b1a which was determined in December 2012 that Pharaoh Rameses III of Egypt belong to the haplogroup. See reference below:

Dec. 4, 2013

A 2012 study done on the mummified remains of Ramesses III and his son determined that both y-chromosomes belonged to Haplogroup E1b1a (Y-DNA). The pharaoh’s y-chromosome belongs to the most frequent haplogroup among contemporary Sub-Saharan y-chromosomes.[22] -Wikipedia

Read more: http://newsrescue.com/dna-evidence-on-egyptian-pharaohs-ramses-iii-a-sub-saharan-african-black/#ixzz41U5ygoPb

I received from my cousin Michael H. a picture of my  great-great grandmother Sarah Carter Richardson born about 1840 in South Carolina the wife of my great-great grandfather Mark Richardson, Sr born about 1840 in South Carolina. They were both born enslaved Africans being part of the Trans Atlantic  Slave Trade Era.

Now, for some background information. I would like to  mention that my great-great grandmother Sarah Carter Richardson had 19 children, 18 sons and one daughter. Sarah Carter Richardson was my father’s mother’s grandmother, who was also named after her. His mother was named Sarah Jane Richardson born 1895 in South Carolina; she married his father, my grandfather Moses Sampson born 1895 in Georgia. He is my paternal lineage from my father Moses W. Sampson, Sr born 1924 in Florida; married my mother Catherine Bythwood born 1929 in Florida. And her parents were Henry Bythwood, Jr. born 1909 Georgia and Betty Jones born 1913 in Florida. They had one daughter Catherine Bythwood born 1929 in Florida married my father Moses W. Sampson, Sr. with children Marsha Sampson, Delmorris Sampson, Mae Linda Sampson and Moses W. Sampson, Jr.

I have done a DNA Genetic test as well as my two brothers a male cousin and our aunt; my father’s oldest sister at 93 years of age. First, the DNA genetic results for myself are haplogroup L2a1 and for my 93 year old paternal aunt her haplogroup is  U6a3f. Next, for my brothers haplogroup is E1b1a and male cousin E1b1a8a1.

Notation: Phenotype__ when I use the term phenotype it’s referring to ones physical features. Below is a photo of my great-great grandmother Sarah Carter Richardson along side of Egyptian Pharaoh Mentuhotep II. Even though, she has admixture due to the raping of her mother by a European male; I seem to see some physical similarities. What do you think? pharaoph 001

 

ISLAMIC ARABS, THE REAL SELLERS OF THE NEGROES IN AFRICA

 

Through my research I have discovered that it was not Hamitic Africans who sold the Hebrew Negroes of Africa into slavery; but it were Islamic Arabs who had conquered African Rulers; and replaced them with Islamic rulers. Below are the dates, Islamic  Rulers.   AFRICAN KINGDOMS – Kingdoms of Ancient African History

www.africankingdoms.com/

 

Yakub Al-Mansur (1149-1199)

 

  • Yakub Ibn Yusuk, better known as Al-Mansur, was the most powerful of the Moorish rulers who dominated Spain for five hundred years. His surname, Al-Mansur, means “The Invincible.” He defeated all of his enemies, never having lost a battle. Al-Mansur’s father was African and Arab, but his mother was a pure African slave, believed to have been from Timbuctoo or Senegal. Landing in Spain, defeating and capturing all major cities, Al-Mansur, returned to Africa with three thousand Christian captives, young women and children.

 

 

Abu Bakr II (c 14 Century)

 

  • Abu Bakr II ( also Mansa Abu Bakari II, or Mansa Mohammed) was the ninth mansa of the Mali Empire. He succeeded his nephew Mansa Mohammed ibn Gao and preceded Kankou Musa I.

 

Sunni Ali Ber (1464-1492)

 

  • Sunni Ali, whose real name was Ali Kolon, began as a common soldier in the army of KanKan Musa, Mandingo ruler of the Mellistine Empire, into which he had been forcibly enlisted, after the defeat and  enslavement of his people, the Songhays.

 

Mulai Ismael (1647-1727)

 

  • Mulai Ismael’s road to the throne was not easy. He was forced to fight many family members, including his brother Rachid and his nephew Achmet. Defeating enemy after enemy, Mulai devoted himself to internal affairs. He started by increasing the number of the Bokhura, a corp of fighting men which he founded earlier in his reign, made up of Africans from the Sudan

 

 

Muhammed Bello (1815-1837)

 

Ø  Muhammed Bello (reigned 1815 – 1837) (Arabic: محمد بيلو) was the son and aide of Usman dan Fodio. He became the second Sultan of Sokoto following his father’s 1815 retirement from the throne. Bello faced early challenges from dissident leaders such as ‘Abd al-Salam, and rivalries between the key families of his father’s jihad. Bello soon consolidated his rule by granting land and power to these leading Fulani families.

 

Behanzin Hossu Bowelle “The King Shark” (1841-1906)

 

  • Behanzin Bowelle “The King Shark”, was the most powerful of the West African Kings in the last years of the 19th Century. Behanzin was the absolute master of his kingdom. A nod of his head meant life or death for his subjects. Not many were permitted to see him do even the most common things.

 

The DAHOMEMIAN Female Army (1841)

 

  • Dahomey was a wealthy West African empire. The elements of Dahomey’s success were its trade and its powerful army, whose soldiers were considered invincible. The fierce and mighty Behanzin Bowelle was the king of this great empire. His army contained 25,000 warriors, 5,000 of which were women. These women were thoroughly trained and kept trim by a system of gymnastics developed by the Dahomeys.

 

MY GRANDFATHER HENRY BYTHWOOD, JR. (AKA HENRY BROWN) DUAL FAMILIES

MY GRANDFATHER HENRY BYTHWOOD, JR. (AKA HENRY BROWN) DUAL FAMILIES

This story involves the explanation concerning the two family names Bythwood and Brown of my grandfather Henry Bythwood, Jr.; who was my grandma Betty Jones first husband. They both were my mother parents Henry Bythwood (a.k.a. Henry Brown) born about 1908 in Quitman, Georgia and her mother Betty Jones born about 1913 in Brewster, Florida. They had one child together, my mother Catherine Bythwood born 1929 in Florida. She married Moses William Sampson born 1924 in Florida children Marsha Sampson born 1946 in Florida, Delmorris Sampson born 1948 in Florida, Mae Linda Sampson born 1950 in Florida and Moses William Sampson, Jr. born 1953 in New York.  With regards to my grandma Bet’s husband Grandpa Henry Bythwood/Brown’s last name. It was said, that Grandpa Henry changed his name from Henry Bythwood to that of Henry Brown after he got into some sort of trouble with the law in the State of Florida.       Therefore, after the birth of my mother Catherine Bythwood he left Grandma Betty Jones with my Catherine in the State of Florida and moved to the State of Ohio. While living in Middletown Ohio, he married Helen Maguire born 1912 in Georgia. They had eight children, Dora Lee Brown, Rose Ann Brown, Catherine Brown, Louise Brown, Doris Brown, Geraldine Brown, Donald Brown and Louis Brown all born in Ohio.

However, my mother Catherine [Bythwood] Sampson finally did locate her father my grandpa Henry Bythwood, Jr. aka Henry Brown after she was grown. And she eventually met his other family (her other sisters and brothers.) Some of them even came too stayed with her and eventually moved to Albany, New York as permanent residents. Later, I will discuss the many spellings of his last name Bythewood.

A LASTING MEMORIAL AFTER 5O YEARS_GONE BUT NOT FORGOTTEN

When I was 12 years old, I decided to go to Plant City, Florida in August and stay with my father’s mother grandma Sarah [Richardson] McBride which turned into a three years stay. I loved every minute of it bonding with my grandma Sarah with all my aunts, uncles and cousins. Now, it’s a fact that even after I moved away from Plant City, Florida then moved back to Albany, NY; Plant City, Florida has remained my choice of hometowns to live. However, during this time while I was living in Plant City, Florida great tragedy struck my family in Albany, NY. It occurred on September 19, 1958 one month after I left Albany, NY. My uncle Robert Lee Jones played football at Hudson High School; they were playing Catholic Central at Troy, NY. It seems that at the last play of the game uncle Robert Lee Jones was tackled and while underneath the pile of other players; in this position he choked on his own vomit. At this game there was no medical staff on the playing field; which in those years the requirement for medical staff to be at school games was optical in New York State. This tragedy left my grandmother, my mother and father in a traumatized state of mind. They all my grandmother, my parents and my brother Delmorris Sampson who was only 11 years old at the time; watched helplessly sitting in the bleachers as uncle Robert Lee Jones was carried off the football field. Just imagine they were all at the game watching the whole event transpire. Therefore, when I moved back to live with my parents no one ever talked about Uncle Robert Lee’s death. It wasn’t until 2013, when my cousin Thomas Jones, grandma Bet’s nephew her youngest brother Leslie Jones told me about an article he had read with regards to Uncle Robert Lee’s death. Cousin Thomas Jones had “googled” the following:
hudson.wnyt.com/…/144417-hudson-high-class-1959-remembers-fallen-…‎
Thursday, July 5th, 2012, 6:32am…Robert Lee Jones, Hudson’s halfback, would die while making a tackle on the defensive…Students found out about it the next day in school….This chain of events culminated at their 50th class reunion when a decision…Owner B. J. Cantele donated the stone and installation services.
And this is how my family found out the details surrounding Uncle Robert Lee Jones death; when reading this article I notice a contact name Szepessy Frank with a phone was given. We contacted him and were invited to lunch with the sponsoring group of alumni called Friends of Bobby. After meeting with Frank Szepessy, he took us to Cedar Park Cemetery gravesite where the headstone for Uncle Robert Lee Jones was placed. And just recently we received an email from another class mate, Sal Cozzolino inviting our family to their 59th Class Reunion Gravesite Memorial Service in honor of our Uncle Robert Lee Jones. Can you imagine over 50 years later; his classmates still remember and honor him. Our family will forever be grateful to everyone who was involved in the honoring of our beloved family member Robert Lee Jones.

EYES IN LOVE

The Love of my heart
gently embraces me,
I feel safe and secure
by his touch…

The Love of my heart
is handsome to envision
with radiantly light brown eyes
and a golden tan complexion…

The Love of my heart
hair thins into an ocean
of tiny black waves with peaks
of grey encircling his temple…

The Love of my heart
is quietly withdrawn yet,
sensitive, caring and funny
his sheepish smile brightens
a many downcast hearts…

The Love of my heart
is someone whom I
admire, adore and love…

The Love of my heart
is my lover, my friend
and forever…my husband…